February 21, 2010
As the previous post had the largest and hardest part of lojban grammar, this one it’s going to have only a few sentences (bridi) as examples of what can we say.
But first, some random vocabulary I’m going to use:
- klama: x1 comes/goes to destination x2 from origin x3 via route x4 using means/vehicle x5.
- blanu: x1 is blue.
- bloti: x1 is a boat/ship/vessel [vehicle] for carrying x2, propelled by x3.
- karce: x1 is a car/automobile/truck/van (a wheeled motor vehicle) for carrying x2, propelled by x3.
klama has 5 sumti to fill, but it’s not necessary to fill them all; like in this sentence:
mi klama lo zdani
Meaning “I go (or come) to a house“. The bridi doesn’t specify which house, when this happens (if I’m going right now, or I did it in the past, or if I’ll go); it’s open for interpretation, as well as the unfilled sumti (it isn’t specified from where I’m going, which route I am taking or how I’m).
If I want to specify I’m going by car, I have to use x5, but x3 and x4 has to be left blank. I have several ways for doing this:
- mi klama lo zdani zo’e zo’e lo karce
- mi klama lo zdani fu lo karce
- lo karce ku xe te klama lo zdani mi
The first one use the word zo’e, which is used to specify the sumti is left blank. The second tags lo karce with fu, that specifies the following sumti is the fifth (fa does the same but for x1, fe for x2, and so). The third is just some sick and unnatural way (no one would say that that way — it’s just for educational reasons); te and xe modifies the selbri and switches the places of the sumti. (For more information about this, you can read the section Conversion (“se-word brivla”) in this chapter of “What is Lojban?“.)
What about giving more information of one of the sumti? There are lots of ways; I don’t know all them yet.
Imagine I’m going in a blue boat instead of a car (it would be really cool…). Then, I’d say:
mi klama lo zdani zo’e lo blanu bloti
blanu modifies bloti, making a tanru, which is formed when two or more gismu are next each other.
I don’t know what you think, but I think I’ve learned enough to “evolve“. I understand the basis of Lojban grammar, I know many words, and I can introduce myself (.i mi’e leos.). I chose a dolphin to be my new level!